Daffodils are symbolic of the arrival of spring and the perfect flower to brighten the day with its plethora of white and yellow shades. These flowers should be planted in the fall and will bloom in the spring alerting the change of season. They can grow in the entire continental United States, except for Southern Florida. They are best planted around shrubs or in a border and are a wonderful addition to a woodland garden. Read on to find out how to grow daffodils.
The first step in planting daffodils should be deciding where you will place them. Choose a location to plant your daffodils with either full sun or least partial sun. Daffodils are tolerant to most soil; however, for optimal growth, choose moderately fertile and well drained soil that is damp during the growing season. Choose daffodil bulbs of high quality and check the leaves to assure they are not dry when purchase your pods. Plant the bulbs during the fall season about two weeks prior to the ground freezing. Plant bulbs about 2 times their depth. If your local climate has severe winters, plant bulbs three times the depth of your pods to protect from the cold and wind. Also, plant your bulbs about 3 inches apart to prevent overcrowding.
Caring for Plants
If your bulbs are not growing well, you may add a low nitrogen and high potassium fertilizer after your plants flower. Additionally, water daffodils in the dry, early spring and allow leaves to remain for at least six weeks after they flower. Also, divide clumps of your plants to avoid overcrowding. After your flowers bloom in the spring, allow your plants to grow until they die off. Once dead, you may snip off the dead plants at the base. Finally, once all your daffodils are gone, it’s ideal to add bonemeal to your soil, which will encourage your flowers to bloom the following year.
Daffodils are ideal to grow because they are resistant to common animals that often cause disturbances in your garden such as deers, rabbits and squirrels because these animals don’t particularly enjoy the taste of daffodils. The most common pests that will attack daffodils are flies, mites, slugs and nematodes. Daffodils are also susceptible to fungal infections and viruses. Apply a pest control spray if your plants fall prey to these pests or illnesses.
If you want to grow daffodils with yellow petals, a good variety to choose is the Golden Ducat that blooms in mid spring and can grow up to 16 inches in height. For a shady location, choose the Petit Four variety that is more resistant to low sun locations. In addition, when you cut daffodils and put them in a vase, they should be kept alone. Daffodils stems release a fluid that can cause the wilting of other flowers. Furthermore, daffodils are known to irritate the skin and cause allergies, so it’s best to wash your hands after care and use gloves if you tend to get allergic reactions.